If you, like a lot of Americans, are enamored with these little dogs, you might want to learn a few facts about Chihuahuas before you bring one into your home. Fun, frisky, and fabulous; Chis are proof that big things really do come in small packages!
1. Chihuahuas are the smallest breed of dog in the world. Most people won’t dispute this fact about Chihuahuas as they can be as small as just one pound when fully grown!
2. Nobody really knows where these little dogs originated. Some researchers believe Chihuahuas were developed in Egypt over 3000 years ago. Others believe these dogs have decended from the Ancient Techichi dogs of the Toltec civilization who became a symbol of the upper class to the Aztecs. The only known fact about Chihuahuas origins is that sometime in the 19th century, they were discovered in and around Chihuahua, Mexico by American tourists who fell in love with them and brought them home to the US.
3. Chis can be born with either short or long coats. This variation in coat type is a unique fact about Chihuahuas. The short-haired Chi requires little grooming but will need a wardrobe to help protect her from catching chill. The long-haired Chi does need regular brushing to keep her coat free of mats and tangles.
4. Chihuahuas are companion pets. Unlike many breeds who were developed for hunting or herding, the Chihuahua breed was developed solely as a companion animal and does this job very well.
5. They have a “soft spot.” One unique Chihuahua fact is that, similar to newborn humans, these precious pups have a soft spot on the top of their skulls known as a molera.
6. Chihuahuas are a Toy Breed. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Chihuahua is part of the Toy Breed category along with Shi Tzu, Pug, Pomeranian, Pomeranian and several other small dogs.
7. Chis are fragile. Little dogs have little bones and one sad fact about Chihuahuas is that they are easily injured. A common injury for these sweet dogs is a luxation of the patella. In laymen’s terms, it is not uncommon for a Chihuahua to dislocate their kneecap usually when jumping off beds or other high surfaces in the home. Another common injury is damage to the trachea. These bitty dogs should only be led with a harness to protect their fragile throats.
8. A Chihuahua is a Chihuahua! A fun fact about Chihuahuas is that they come in many shapes, sizes, and colors but they are ALL still Chihuahuas! Whether a “tea-cup” size or a “standard” size; whether apple-head or deer-head; whether long-haired or short-haired – there is only one Chihuahua breed.
9. Dog is god backwards. According to some Mexican folklore, Chihuahuas were associated with the worship of deities in ancient times. In present day America, they are simply worshiped as the special friends they are.
10. I like big brains, and I cannot lie! It is a proven Chihuahua fact that, in body to brain ratios, these little dogs have the biggest brain of any other breed. This will come as no surprise to dedicated Chi lovers who know just how smart and clever their little dog can be!
11. These tiny dogs can have huge litters! Chis have been known to have as many as ten pups in a single litter. That is a lot of puppies for such a small mother!
12. Chihuahuas are very loyal. It is a fact about Chihuahuas that they can be the most loyal of companions; perhaps sometimes almost too loyal! These little dogs with huge hearts bond very deeply with one person and can become overly protective and possessive of this person if care is not taken to socialize them well.
13. Chis are portable!A fact about Chihuahuas that makes them so popular is that they are very portable. They enjoy burrowing into bags and purses and love going places with their special person. Finding the perfect Chihuahua bag can make traveling with your pup even easier!
14. Chihuahuas must live in doors. There are many dogs that are perfectly happy living in the back yard as long as they get plenty of attention from their family. Chis can not live outside, even in the mildest climates. These little dogs are too fragile to survive outside and must live indoors with your where she would prefer to be pampered and cuddled all day.
15. Save money and a life! It is a sad fact about Chihuahuas that there are thousands of them in shelters waiting to be adopted. Shelter pups are healthy, sweet, and ended up in the shelter for no fault of their own. When you rescue a Chihuahua from a shelter you are saving her life and she will always be grateful for this fact!